Chihuahua Dog Breed Characteristics, Care & Diet

The Chihuahua is a little dog with a big personality that enjoys both giving and receiving attention. Despite its little stature, this type is feisty and unafraid. As a result of its tiny head and body, it has a broad set of eyes that are normally upright and enormous for the creature’s size. Despite its diminutive size, the Chihuahua can be a loving and devoted companion dog.

Price of chihuahua dog range from $375 to $2,420. Despite their diminutive stature, these dogs might be difficult to procreate in certain situations.

Chihuahua Dog Breed Overview

  • GROUP: Toy
  • HEIGHT: 6 to 9 inches
  • WEIGHT: 2 to 6 pounds
  • COAT: Chihuahuas can have smooth short coats or longer fringed coats.
  • COAT COLOR: They are seen in many colors, either solid or a combination of two colors. Most common colors include black, tan, fawn, cream, white, blue, silver, chocolate, and red.
  • Chihuahua Lifespan: 12 to 20 years
  • TEMPERAMENT: Loyal, alert, lively, attentive, bright, companionable
  • ORIGIN: Mexico

Chihuahua Dog Characteristics

People love Chihuahua puppy, and those who have them as pets remain devoted to them for the rest of their lives. Chihuahuas are adored for their feisty (and often snarky) dispositions that more than make up for their little stature.

chihuahua dog breed

History of the Chihuahua

Mexico’s state of Chihuahua puppies is where it all began. The Chichi, a holy dog of the ancient Toltecs, was a possible predecessor of this breed. The Chihuahua’s forebears may have arrived as early as the ninth century, and the breed’s diminutive stature may be the consequence of hybridization with Chinese crested canines.

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American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the Chihuahua in 1904, making it one of the oldest and smallest breeds in the world. It’s also a household name because of its little stature and flamboyant nature. Ad campaigns for Taco Bell in the 1990s and 2000s, as well as Chihuahuas appearing in reality television shows as celebrities’ handbag dogs, elevated the breed’s appeal.

Care for Chihuahua Dog

With its cuddly and attention-seeking disposition, the Chihuahua is an ideal dog for snuggling and cuddling. The Chihuahua may be a fantastic companion for a wide range of households if properly cared for and nurtured. Chihuahuas can be taught and trained to get along with youngsters, but not all of them are born that way. Families with young children are advised against adopting Chihuahua dogs because the kids may not handle the little dog with the care required to avoid damage.

Chihuahua Dog Exercise

Chihuahuas, despite their tiny size, need a great deal of physical activity, which is sometimes overlooked by pet owners. It is possible for chihuahuas to develop behavioral issues if they aren’t given enough exercise. Mental and physical health may be maintained by regular exercise and mental stimulation. When walking a Chihuahua, keep an eye out for bigger dogs since they may get violent if they aren’t properly taught.

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You may need to be on the lookout for situations where your dog might get into trouble.

Chihuahua Dog Grooming

Because of their short hair, Chihuahuas with smooth coats need nothing more than simple regular care. Long-coated Chihuahuas, on the other hand, need more frequent maintenance, particularly regular combing of the hair. This breed’s nails don’t wear down naturally because of their tiny stature, therefore frequent trimming is necessary to prevent them from becoming overgrown and infuriating.

Chihuahua Dog Training

The Chihuahua’s feisty demeanor requires intensive socialization and obedience training. If the breed is not properly socialized, it might become apprehensive and aggressive toward strangers and other animals. If you don’t know how to properly educate and socialize your Chihuahua teacup, it may become aggressive against you and others. If you put in the time and effort, you can train your dog to be well-behaved. Getting your Chihuahua used to being handled, particularly for things like nail trims and grooming, should be a priority from an early age.

chihuahua dog breed

Common Health Problems

Kennel groups like the American Kennel Club (AKC) have set the benchmark for responsible breeders, and they seek to meet or exceed those requirements. It is less probable that dogs produced according to these guidelines may have health issues. Chihuahuas are susceptible to a number of inherited health issues, including the following:

Dislocating the kneecap, Patellar Luxation, gives the dog discomfort. When your dog’s muscles relax and stretch, you may see that it holds its foot off the ground and even pops its kneecap back into place. When a dog’s windpipe becomes constricted, it’s called collapsing trachea. As an indication of this problem, if you observe your pet coughing while the trachea is placed under pressure, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.

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Symptoms of hydrocephalus include an excessively big head, which may be seen in pups as fluid accumulates.  Hypoglycemia is referred to as a problem when Chihuahua pups that have low blood sugar may need a sugar supplement. Chihuahuas like a warm environment and do not perform well in chilly climates. You may need to put your dog in a sweater if it’s chilly outside. In your house, you’ll notice that your dog gravitates toward the heat, the light, or a soft blanket.

Nutrition and Diet

Chihuahuas need just 1/4 to 1/2 cup of dry food each day because of their tiny size. You’ll need to keep an eye on your dog’s weight to ensure that it doesn’t become obese, which may shorten its longevity. If your pet is overweight or has a health concern, talk to your vet about the best diet for him. You’ll need to wash your Chihuahua’s teeth on a regular basis since their teeth are weaker because of their tiny stature. Plaque may be reduced by giving your children dental chews and feeding them a diet that demands them to chew their food. Large, solid chunks are a hallmark of high-quality dry dog food for Chihuahuas.

chihuahua dog breed

Chihuahua Adoption and Purchase Resources.

Chihuahuas are a well-known canine breed, and as a result, there are several reputable producers all throughout the nation. Verify that anybody you deal with can give you veterinary documents and references for their canines. As an alternative, there are several Chihuahua rescue groups throughout the United States. In addition to providing a list of reputable breeders, the Chihuahua Club of America provides educational tools. The Chihuahua Rescue and Transport network has chapters around the country that take in dogs in need of permanent homes.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is a Chihuahua a Decent Dog for an Apartment?

Yes, Chihuahuas are excellent apartment pets because of their tiny size and little maintenance. It is essential that you correctly teach your Chihuahua in order to minimize barking and other forms of canine noise pollution.

2. Chihuahuas Were Bred for What Purpose?

Chihuahuas, on the other hand, are said to have been bred for companionship and religious ceremonies rather than as working dogs or service dogs. They are considered to be descended from the ancient Chichi and have a long and illustrious history as a “lap dog.”.

3. Is a Chihuahua a Decent Dog for a Family?

Chihuahuas may be wonderful pets for families with a few caveats. To begin with, they should be welcomed into the family from a young age in order to avoid being overwhelmed by the other members of the home. It is also crucial that any children in the family be taught how to properly handle and play with a little dog like the Chihuahua, which is especially important with a dog this small.


Make sure you do your homework before getting a cute Chihuahua as a companion. To learn more, speak to your veterinarian, other Chihuahua owners, reputable Chihuahua breeders, and Chihuahua rescue organizations. There are several dog breeds to choose from. Choosing the correct one to bring home isn’t that difficult if you do your homework.

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