Saint Bernard Dog

Saint Bernard Puppy Breed Information And Care

Saint Bernard Dog

Introducing a Saint Bernard puppy into your home is like welcoming a big, affectionate furball. Renowned for their gentle nature, impressive stature, and legendary tales of heroism, these dogs have captured numerous hearts.

From their pawprints in history to the ins and outs of making them a happy, healthy member of your family, we’ll cover everything you need to know about raising a Saint Bernard puppy.


The Saint Bernard, known affectionately as the ‘gentle giant’ or the ‘nanny dog’, is a breed famous for its colossal size and warm temperament. Originally from the Western Alps—Switzerland and Italy—they were initially bred for rescue work by the hospice of the Great St Bernard Pass on the Italian-Swiss border. They may have a solemn presence, but they are famously friendly and great with kids, which has made them a popular choice for families.

When it comes to Saint Bernards’ charm, the adage “size doesn’t matter” rings true. Despite their potential to grow into substantial dogs, they are known for their affectionate and gentle nature.

History of Saint Bernard Breed

Rooted in history, Saint Bernards are descendants of ancient mastiff-like dogs, which makes them one of the oldest breeds among modern breeds. Bred for their loyalty and protective instincts, they have a storied past.

History of Bernard Dog

Their role at the St Bernard Hospice and Monastery, where they were utilized for rescue operations in the treacherous Alpine passes, cemented their reputation as heroic dogs. They are said to have saved over 2,000 travelers, a testament to their resilience and dedication.

Although modern practices have reduced their involvement in such demanding roles, the unwavering spirit of the Saint Bernard continues to be a source of inspiration and awe.

Characteristics of Bernard Puppies

Saint Bernard puppies are adorable balls of fur that grow into some of the largest breeds around. Here are the core attributes you can expect from a Saint Bernard pup.

Physical Appearance

At birth, Saint Bernard puppies are quite small, but they grow rapidly. Once fully grown, males typically reach 140–180 pounds and stand 28–30 inches tall at the shoulder, while females range from 120–140 pounds and 26–28 inches in height. Their white coats with red, red and white, or brindle patches are one of their most recognizable features. Be ready to have a drool towel on hand; these affectionate droolers can produce impressive streams of saliva.

Saint Bernard Appearance

Temperament and Personality Traits

Saint Bernards are laid-back and easygoing. They are notably patient, especially with children, and maintain a sweet disposition. Their tolerant nature extends beyond their own family, often making them welcoming to strangers—unless their instincts tell them otherwise. Due to their size, it’s crucial to start their training early to ensure their obedience as they mature.

Typical Behaviors

Even as puppies, Saint Bernards exhibit the calm demeanor they are known for. They are not particularly high-energy dogs, but they do need regular exercise to keep them healthy and happy. Socialization is also key, as they need to learn good manners around people and other animals from a young age.

Choosing a Saint Bernard Puppy

Taking the leap into Saint Bernard puppy parenthood is a commitment that shouldn’t be taken lightly.

Finding Reputable Breeders

When looking for a Saint Bernard puppy, it’s imperative to research and buy from a responsible breeder. They should be able to provide health clearances for both the puppy’s parents and explain the socialization and care they have received.

bernard family

Important Considerations Before Bringing Home

Their size is a huge factor. You need to ensure you have enough space to accommodate a dog of this magnitude. Financially, they can also be considerable, from the cost of food to potential medical bills.

Questions to Ask Breeders

  • What socialization has the puppy experienced?
  • Can the breeder provide references from previous buyers?
  • Can they show you health certifications of the puppy’s parents?

Saint Bernard Puppy Care

Raising a Saint Bernard from pup to adult is a commitment that involves several aspects of care.

Feeding and Nutrition Requirements

Proper nutrition is vital for the health of a growing Saint Bernard puppy. They have specific dietary needs given their size and breed predispositions to joint issues. Consider a puppy food designed specifically for large breeds. Free-feeding isn’t a particularly good strategy for a breed known for overeating, so discuss portion control with your vet.

Feeding a Saint Bernard

Grooming Needs

Daily brushing and frequent baths are a necessity with their thick, luxurious coat. Their ears should also be checked and cleaned weekly to avoid infections. Not forgetting those adorable pyrenean eyes that produce significant moisture and, consequently, require regular cleaning.

Exercise and Socialization

Saint Bernard puppies need regular exercise, but caution is necessary due to their rapid growth. Over-exercising can lead to joint problems. Early socialization will help them become well-adjusted adults, so expose them to new experiences so that your dog doesn’t get stressed.

Health Concerns and Veterinary Care

Due to their size, Saint Bernard puppies are at risk for specific health issues that need to be monitored.

Common Health Issues in Saint Bernard Puppies

They are predisposed to conditions such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and bloat. Conditions like these can be life-threatening, so monitoring your puppy’s growth and discussing preventive measures with your vet is crucial.

Bernard Puppy

Vaccination and Deworming Schedule

Understanding and adhering to a vaccination and deworming schedule is essential for keeping your puppy healthy.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Saint Bernard puppies need regular vet visits to monitor their health and growth to address any issues before they become problematic.

Training and Obedience

Saint Bernard puppies turn into very large adults, so instilling good habits early is essential.

Basic Obedience Training Tips

Consistency and positive reinforcement are key to teaching your Saint Bernard good behavior.

Socialization Techniques

Exposing your puppy to new people, places, and things in controlled and positive ways are important to help them develop a friendly and confident temperament.

Housebreaking and Crate Training

Despite their large size, Saint Bernard puppies can be successfully house-trained, with patience and a structured training plan. Crate training is a valuable tool for both safety and housebreaking.

Social Media and Communities

Saint Bernard puppies have quite the fan base, and the internet is awash with accounts and communities dedicated to this lovable breed.

Saint Bernard Puppy Instagram Accounts to Follow

From adorable puppy pics to the daily antics of full-grown dogs, following some Instagram accounts can be a source of joy and community.

Online Forums and Communities for Saint Bernard Owners

Communities and forums provide a valuable space for asking questions, sharing experiences, and feeling like part of a larger Saint Bernard-loving family.

Saint Bernard Popularity

Saint Bernard Puppy Fun Facts

The Saint Bernard breed is full of charming traits that make them unique and lovable.

Interesting Trivia About Saint Bernard Puppies

Did you know that contrary to popular belief, Saint Bernards did not originally have small barrels around their necks to dispense brandy? They were actually a symbol of the hospice where Saint Bernards assisted.

Unique Characteristics and Behaviors

From their love of cuddling to their endearing habit of leaning on their people, Saint Bernards have a plethora of traits that set them apart.

Best Dog Breed


Raising a Saint Bernard puppy is an adventure in love, care, and commitment. With the right preparation, knowledge, and support, you can ensure that your new puppy grows into a happy, healthy, and well-adjusted adult dog. They may start small, but their impact on your life will be immeasurable.

Remember, patience is your best friend when raising a Saint Bernard puppy. With consistent training, plenty of love, and a sound understanding of their needs, they will be the most loyal and loving couch companion, guard dog, and family member you could ask for.

In sharing these insights, anecdotes, and practical tips, we hope to guide you along the path to a rewarding relationship with your Saint Bernard puppy. Their soft woods, massive paws, and undying affection are future promises you’ll hold dear, reminding you daily of the joy of puppy parenthood.


The ideal age for a Saint Bernard puppy to be brought home is around 8 to 12 weeks. This timeframe ensures they have been properly weaned, started their vaccinations, and are ready for socialization.

Saint Bernard puppies should be fed three to four times a day up until six months of age. After six months, feeding can be reduced to twice a day. Consult with your vet for specific dietary recommendations.

Yes, Saint Bernards are known for their gentle, patient, and protective nature, making them great companions for families with children. Socialization from an early age is critical to ensure they get along well with other pets.

Despite their size, Saint Bernards do not require excessive exercise. Short walks and moderate play sessions are sufficient, especially during their growth phase to avoid stress on their developing joints.

Saint Bernards are well-suited to colder climates thanks to their thick, dense coat. However, it’s important to monitor them and provide a warm, dry shelter, especially in extreme cold or snowy conditions.

With proper care, diet, and regular veterinary check-ups, a Saint Bernard can live on average between 8 to 10 years.

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